Description of pack list items Personal Gear: Backpack: There are two main types of backpacks: the external frame and the internal frame.
The conventional wisdom used to be that external frames are for trail hiking and internal frames are for off trail hiking.
A couple of large garbage bags may be suitable for summer hiking in the Sierras, but if multiple rainy days are anticipated a dedicated pack cover is better.
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Personal Gear (should weigh less than 15 pounds) Backpack and rain cover (garbage bag OK) Sleeping bag in a waterproof stuff sack Sleeping pad (pillow optional) Personal first aid kit Two water bottles – minimum 2 liters total Two small flashlights Scoop and toilet paper Mess Kit (bowl, cup, utensils) Light towel and/or bandanna Sunglasses Carabiner Emergency Food Personal Items (Toothbrush, soap, glasses, contact solution, medicines) Emergency Kit in a bag: compass, pocket knife, sunscreen, chap stick, signaling devices (whistle and mirror), paper and pencil, map in a waterproof bag, matches in a waterproof bag, water purifier tablets, duct tape, insect repellent, two zip lock bags, two garbage bags Nice to Have: Walking Sticks, Stool or Chair, Waterproof Watch, Camera, Mosquito Hat, Wire Saw, Spices for food, Fishing Pole Clothing – including what you wear (Should weigh less than eight pounds): Sturdy hiking boots (broken in) Water shoes/camp shoes 2-3 pair non-cotton socks 2-3 pair sock liners (optional) 2 Hiking shorts or pants (one pair of long pants and something for swimming) 0-2 pair underwear 2 T-shirts and one long sleeve shirt Rain gear or poncho Hat or Cap (Wide Brim) Warm heavy shirt, sweater, sweatshirt or jacket (no cotton) Fleece pants or long underwear bottoms Gloves or glove liners and warm hat Many new backpackers bring too many clothes.
the three heaviest things are your backpack, tent, and sleeping bag, so if you want to save a lot of weight invest in these items.
There is lots of discussion about the proper amount of weight that a boy can carry safely.
Check your cover, or backpack, for “waterproofness” prior to the trek.
Sleeping Bags are available in many sizes, fabric, fill, color, and price.
It is listed so you can see how much you can save if you are careful.
It is even possible to be less than the “Low End Weight”, which is what you should be striving to make.
Two flashlights with new batteries: Flashlights with two AA-cell alkaline batteries are good. The “coal miner’s” head mounted flashlight provides hands free use, but weighs more.
Scoop and toilet paper: A light weight plastic shovel for digging “cat holes” is required in wilderness areas.
Water Bottles: Two wide mouth plastic water bottles (32 ounce size) that fit inside the larger side pocket of most packs are great but their are lighter options.