The earliest British settlers called them Eora people."Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans.
Its natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, and the Royal Botanic Garden.
Man-made attractions such as the Sydney Opera House, Sydney Tower and the Sydney Harbour Bridge are also well known to international visitors.
His first task was to restore order after the Rum Rebellion of 1808 against the previous Governor.
Conditions in the colony were not conducive to the development of a thriving new metropolis, but the more regular arrival of ships and the beginnings of maritime trade (such as wool) helped to lessen the burden of isolation.
Following the depression of the 1890s, the six colonies agreed to form a federated nation of The Commonwealth of Australia.
Under the reign of Queen Victoria federation of the six colonies occurred on 1 January 1901.For much of the 1930s up to one in three breadwinners was unemployed.When Britain declared war on Germany in 1939, Australia too entered.Sydney, with a population of 481,000, then became the state capital of New South Wales.The Great Depression of the 1930s had a severe effect on Sydney's economy, as it did with most cities throughout the industrial world. Sydney is the second official seat and second official residence of the Governor-General of Australia and the Prime Minister of Australia and many federal ministries maintain substantial presences in Sydney.