Into the void has stepped a resurgent group of extreme-Right political parties, among them the British National Party, which gained two seats at recent elections to the European Parliament. It antagonises poor people against other poor people: people with low educational attainment feel threatened," he says.
Geert Wilders, the Dutch politician who speaks against Islam and was banned this year from entering Britain, has led opinion polls in Holland. The EU says employment rates for non-EU nationals are lower than for nationals, which holds back economic advancement and integration.
It could have a critical impact on foreign policy: a study was submitted to the US Air Force on how America's relationship with Europe might evolve.
But Muslims represent a particular set of issues beyond the fact that atrocities have been committed in the West in the name of Islam.America's Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, part of the non-partisan Pew Research Center, said in a report: "These [EU] countries possess deep historical, cultural, religious and linguistic traditions.Austria was 90 per cent Catholic in the 20th century but Islam could be the majority religion among Austrians aged under 15 by 2050, says Mr Caldwell. Birth rates can be difficult to predict and migrant numbers can ebb and flow.But Karoly Lorant, a Hungarian economist who wrote a paper for the European Parliament, calculates that Muslims already make up 25 per cent of the population in Marseilles and Rotterdam, 20 per cent in Malmo, 15 per cent in Brussels and Birmingham and 10 per cent in London, Paris and Copenhagen.But raw details are hard to come by as the data is sensitive: many countries in the EU do not collect population statistics by religion.
EU numbers on general immigration tell a story on their own.Britain is expected to become the most populous EU country by 2060, with 77 million inhabitants.Right now it has 20 million fewer people than Germany.Whites will be in a minority in Birmingham by 2026, says Christopher Caldwell, an American journalist, and even sooner in Leicester.Another forecast holds that Muslims could outnumber non-Muslims in France and perhaps in all of western Europe by mid-century.Jerome Vignon, the director for employment and social affairs at the European Commission, said that the focus of those running the EU had been on asylum seekers and the control of migration rather than the integration of those already in the bloc.